What we do

Conservation Programmes

Bhutan ranks in the top ten percent of countries with the highest species density on earth, and it has the highest fraction of land in protected areas as well as the highest proportion of forest cover of any Asian nation.  Bhutan contains 23 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs), eight eco-regions, and a number of Important Plant Areas and wetlands, including three Ramsar Sites with a surface area of 1,226 hectares. The diverse ecosystems and eco-floristic zones have made Bhutan home to a wide array of flora and fauna.

The Bhutan constitution demands that a minimum of 60% of the land must remain forested for all future generations; this currently stands at over 70%. Thanks to its forest cover, it is the world’s only carbon negative country – meaning its forests absorb more carbon dioxide per year than its pollutants emit. Nonetheless, despite this Bhutan is still home to some globally-threatened species and faces several environmental issues, and RSPN performs vital work to protect and address these issues.

RSPN has established field offices across the country to cover program implementation and support its conservation works. These conservation works are implemented through 11 flagship programs that aim on addressing conservation issues, both at the national and global scale.


White-bellied Heron Conservation

Waste management for Human Health and Environment

Climate Change

Agro-ecological farming

Rivers for Life

Water is essential for every sentient being

Water for Livelihoods

Wet-land conservation

Community-based sustainable tourism


Environmental Education for Change