In Bhutan, the constitution prescribes every Bhutanese as a trustee of the Kingdom’s natural resources and environment. It also clearly mentions that it is the fundamental duty of every citizen to contrib­ute to the protection of the natural environment, conservation of the rich biodiversity of Bhutan and prevention of all forms of ecological degradation for the benefit of the present and future genera­tions.

Since the inception of the first Five Year Plan in 1961, Bhutan has developed at a rate greater than many other developing nations. This has led to changes in lifestyle, consumption pattern, and increased import of manufactured products propelled by the growing demand of an increasing population. These factors clubbed with a lack of adequate infrastructure, awareness and education on waste, and enforcement of waste policies have contributed towards the escalation of waste-related issues.

RSPN continues to advocate on waste management programs in the country and initiated the development of a “Policy Framework for Solid Waste Management ” in 2006. This ultimately led to the development of the country’s Solid Waste Management Act of 2009.

The following are the key achievements of RSPN in waste management:


  • Introduced the first compactor trucks in Thimphu (6) and Phuentsholing (3) municipalities in 2005
  • Initiated waste segregation in schools in Thimphu in 2004
  • Initiated the “Clean Bhutan Project” and installed PET bottle shredding machines in Thimphu, Mongar and Sarpang in 2010
  • Introduced green transport initiatives in Thimphu in 2012
  • Phobjikjha waste management
  • Adopted Chubachu stream cleaning

Despite rigorous efforts, waste management remains a challenge. Lack of institutional coordination, limited resources, and civic responsibilities are some of the prominent issues of waste management. Like elsewhere, the state of the environment in Bhutan continues to be affected by poor waste management. In recognition of these current constraints, RSPN will strive to continue its commitment to reduce and mitigate waste issues.



At RSPN, we believe a single grain of sand can tip the scale. You can be the grain that tips the scale towards improved environmental conditions and conservation efforts in Bhutan. RSPN has set a target to raise US$ 1.5 million for next 10 years.